FIFA World cup History and Background

The FIFA World Cup is the most critical football competition held under the auspices of FIFA. The FIFA World Cup has been held every four years since 1930, with the exception of the 1942 and 1946 tournaments, which were canceled due to World War II. 32 national teams have participated in the current tournament system, since 1998, divided into eight groups, competing to win the championship title for an entire month in the stadiums of the host country. These teams qualify for the tournament through a three-year qualifying system.

The previous 20 World Cup editions have seen eight teams win the title. The Brazilian national team also records its presence in all tournaments, as it has never missed any World Cup tournament so far, and is the most crowned cup, as it won it five times: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, and 2002. It is followed by the Italian team, which won it four times in the years: 1934, 1938, 1982, and 2006, with the German team. Argentina, Uruguay, and France won the title twice, while England and Spain won the tournament once. Only two teams were able to win the championship twice in a row, as the Italian team was the first team to win the tournament twice in a row in the 1934 and 1938 editions, then Brazil was the champion in the years: 1958 and 1962.

The first international championship was the British Championship, which took place in 1884. At this point, the sport was rarely played outside Great Britain and Ireland. When football began to grow in popularity around the world at the turn of the century, it was considered an exhibition sport (without awarding medals), as in the 1900 and 1904 Olympics. Since the 1908 Summer Olympics, football has become an official competition in the Olympic Games. It was the competition, that he arranged for her FIFA, open to amateur players only, considers football to be an exhibition game rather than a competitive sport. Great Britain ( England’s amateur football team ) won the event in 1908 and 1912.

After the establishment of the International Football Association (FIFA) in 1904, there was an attempt by the Federation to organize an international football tournament between nations, With the Olympic event continuing with the participation of amateur teams, Sir Thomas Lipton organized the ” Sir Thomas Lipton Cup ” in Turin in 1909, a competition for professionals. The Lipton tournament was between clubs (not national teams) from different countries, each of which represented the entire country. It is sometimes referred to as the first FIFA World Cup at the club level. The tournament featured top-tier professional clubs from Italy, Germany, and Switzerland, but the FA refused to be associated with the competition and avoided sending professional clubs. Lipton invited West Auckland, an amateur club from County Durham, to represent England instead. West Auckland won the championship and returned in 1911 to successfully defend his title, and the cup was given out forever, under competition rules.

This paved the way for the first intercontinental football competition in the world, in the 1920 Summer Olympics when the Egyptian national football team (which was eliminated from the first match) competed with thirteen European teams. Belgium’s national football team won gold medals. [11] After that, the Uruguayan football team won the Olympic football championships in 1924 and 1928. In 1928 the International Football Association decided to organize its own international tournament outside the Olympic Games. With Uruguay being the official football champions at the time, [12] and to celebrate the centenary of Uruguay’s independence in 1930, FIFA made Uruguay the host country for the first-ever World Cup.

the idea of ​​holding the FIFA World Cup dates back to the first meeting of the International Football Association in 1904 in Paris, with the presence of seven countries: Spain, Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain, and Sweden, Switzerland. Where the International Federation adopted the idea of ​​​​establishing a World Football Championship after the decision took a long time to be agreed upon. Several difficulties, the most prominent of these difficulties was the rejection by the International Olympic Committee of the idea of ​​the tournament for fear of its impact on the ancient Olympic Games. As well as for fear of the control of the International Federation of the most popular game in the world.

The idea arose again in 1921 at the hands of the French lawyer Jules Rimet, who later became president of the International Football Association and who worked hard to launch the first world soccer championship, and seven years after his appointment to the presidency agreed to the International Football Association in a historic meeting held in On May 25, 1928, the World Cup was approved, and it was called the Victory Cup.

Uruguay submitted a request to organize the tournament, and it was approved, given that it was the leader of the teams at the time and the champion of the last two Olympics, provided facilities for the participating teams and guaranteed the International Federation to pay the expenses of the teams and their difficult transportation at that time. Two years before the start of the first World Cup competitions, the instructions stipulated that there should be a precious prize presented to the winning team of the World Championship, which prompted them to establish the Victory Cup ( the Jules Rimet Cup ). The tournament was launched for the first time in 1930 and continues every 4 years today.


In 1930, the first global football tournament was held under the name ( World Cup ), which is the 1930 FIFA World Cup, which was hosted by Uruguay from July 13-30. The first tournament is the only one of all its tournaments that did not have qualifying qualifiers. As a whole, 13 countries participated in the first tournament, seven of them from South America, four from Europe, and two from North America. The lack of participating teams is due to the selection of Uruguay’s venue for the tournament, the flight time and transatlantic travel costs make participation difficult for European teams. Indeed, no European country sent a team until two months before the start of the competition. Jules Rimet eventually persuaded the teams of Belgium, France, Romania, and Yugoslavia to make the trip.

Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Uruguay have decided to bid to host the tournament. [22] In the end, Uruguay’s request was approved by the International Football Association Board ( FIFA ) after a conference on it was held in Barcelona on May 18, 1929, as Uruguay will celebrate the centenary of its independence, as well as the retention of its national football team gold The 1928 Summer Olympics, especially after the Uruguayan government agreed to bear all the expenses of hosting delegations

The first two World Cup matches took place directly and were won by France and the United States, who beat Mexico 4-1, and Belgium 3-0, respectively. The first goal in the history of the World Cup was scored by French Lucien Laurent. In the final match, the Uruguay national football team defeated Argentina 4–2 in front of a crowd of 93,000 fans, in Montevideo, and Uruguay became the first country to win the cup. Argentine Francisco Vario is considered the last person to die in the 1930 FIFA World Cup Final, when he died inAugust 30, 2010.


In the 1934 FIFA World Cup, Italy was chosen to host the tournament, after it was nominated by the International Football Association after the Berlin Conference in October 1932. After the Executive Committee of the International Football Association met eight times. And then Italy was chosen to host the tournament at the meeting that was held in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, on October 9, 1932. The Italian request was preferred over the Swedish request, as the Italian government decided to allocate 3.5 million Italian liras.Budget for the tournament.

The teams of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales decided to boycott the tournament because they are already boycotting the activities of the International Football Association, as a member of the English Football Association, Charles Sutcliffe, said that the tournament that brings together the four teams is better than this global tournament. [35] Europe was granted 12 out of 16 seats, the rest were given to North and South America (3 cards) and one card to Asia and Africa (including Turkey).

In this tournament, the first match in the history of the tournament was replayed in the quarter-finals, in the match between Italy and Spain, after the first match ended in a 1-1 draw after the time was extended. The match was played in a hostile atmosphere, as the violence resulted in the injury of Spanish goalkeeper Ricardo Zamora in the first match, which made him not participate in the second match. The Italian national football team managed to win with a clean goal after violent physical play from the Italians caused the injury of 3 Spanish players and their exit from the field. Meanwhile, Czechoslovakia defeated Germany 3-1 to advance to the final. In the 1934 FIFA World Cup final which was held at the National Fascist Party stadium, Czechoslovakia led with the result, but the Italian team managed to score the equalizer in the last minutes and then added the second goal in extra time to crown the title.


In the 1938 FIFA World Cup, France was chosen to host the tournament, which took place from the 4th of June to the 19th of June 1938, and this decision by the International Football Association to host the third edition of the tournament caused outrage in the Latin continent, It is believed that hosting is based on alternating between the two continents. As a result of this decision, Uruguay and Argentina did not participate in the tournament competitions. At the same time, Spain did not participate in the finals, due to the continuing flames of civil war which. This was the first time that the host and title holders qualified automatically. Since 1938, the defending champion qualified directly to the next finals, until that system was abolished with the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

16 teams were scheduled to participate in the tournament, but after Austria joined Germany in Operation Anschluss in March of 1938, there were only 15 teams left. At that time, the International Football Association (FIFA) did not grant the Latvian national team the right to participate in the place of Austria, as it was the defeated team in the qualifying playoffs. Therefore, the Swedish national team (which was supposed to meet Austria ) automatically advanced to the quarter-finals. The 1938 FIFA World Cup Final was held at the Olympic Stadium in Paris, where the meeting witnessed many goals, and the meeting ended with a victory Italian national football team, 4-2, beat Hungary, making Italy the first team to maintain its World Cup title, and the first team to win the World Cup twice in a row.

Then the championship was suspended due to the Second World War for 12 years, and the spirit returned to it in 1950. Thus, Italy was the world champion for 16 years (from 1934 to 1950), the longest time for a team to hold the title of world champion. During this period, the Vice-President of the International Football Association and the President of the Italian Football Association, Dr. Otorino Barassi, hid the World Cup in a shoe box and put it under his bed throughout the Second World War, and with that image, he protected it from falling under the hands of the occupation forces. that’s how it started and the FIFA world cup 2022 is going to start in Qatar details can check here.

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